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      Dr. Pappas, I am confused. I have been trying to learn Koine Greek but haven't had money to buy a course. So I am very grateful for your lessons you have provided. I was looking at mounce's website teknia I think it is. And a book I came across and they both said that the diphthongs for ei was pronounced like a long a as in eight. and ai was pronounced like long i as in the word like. I was just wondering the reason for the difference. And if I learn them both as the long i as you are teaching will it confuse me later when I am finished with your cousre and maybe go on to another course. Or is yours complete enough that that won't be necessary. Anyway I am on lesson 7 now and have most of the words memorized. I found your vodcasts yesterday and was so excited. Thank you again for putting in your time to make these available.

Thank you for your question concerning the sounds of diphthongs. I list the diphthong sound for "ei" as in "height" which is pronounced as a long "i" (I follow Dr. Summer's book and others) but there is another group that pronounce it as in "eight," which has more of an "a" sound. The actual sound depends upon the location where one lives or the preference. I use the international standard sound, but others are starting to use modern Greek pronunciation. The point is that no one knows what the sound was like 2000 years ago and the different regions used different sounds so it is proper to say the words in the international standard since Koine Greek is a dead language. You will not get confused, the two camps often will change the way they say them anyway depending upon what letters follow. All languages have a certain amount of this. Take for example the word "either," it should be "eye-ther," but some say "ee-ther." BibleGreekVpod is a complete first year course. I have selected the translation section not just to give you exercises, but to give you verses that have spiritual meat. I encourage you to stick with your desire to learn Greek. What a rare treat it is to learn God's word in the original language.

   I hope that helps.
   John Pappas, ThD